12 January - 20 June 2016

Legislation headlines

  • Authorised health claims relating to Nutriose , fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) from inulin and AlphaGOS
  • Refusing to authorise a health claim related to high-fibre sourdough rye bread and a reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses
  • Croatia authorised to revise its BSE annual monitoring programme
  • Amendment regarding  Streptomyces K61, fenugreek or fenugreek seed powder, methyl decanoate (CAS 110-42-9), methyl octanoate (CAS 111-11-5) and terpenoid blend QRD 460
  • Amendment to application for register of protected designation of origin ‘Gorgonzola’ (PDO)
    Application for register of protected geographical indications ‘Štajerski hmelj’ (PGI)
  • Application for register of protected geographical indications Khao Sangyod Muang Phatthalung (PGI)
  • Application for register of protected designation of origin ‘Korčulansko maslinovo ulje’ (PDO)
  • Application for register of protected geographical indication ‘Sicilia’ (PGI)
  • Application for register of protected geographical indications ‘Culurgionis d’Ogliastra’ (PGI)
  • Application for register of protected geographical indications ‘Pizzoccheri della Valtellina’ (PGI)
  • Application for register of designated origin ‘Paška janjetina’ (PDO)
  • Scientific opinions

Authorised health claims relating to Nutriose , fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) from inulin and AlphaGOS
Following an application from Roquette Frères, submitted pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006, the Authority was required to deliver an opinion on a health claim related to Nutriose® which should replace fermentable carbohydrates in foods or beverages in order to obtain the claimed effect, i.e. maintenance of tooth mineralisation by reducing tooth demineralisation.  The claim proposed by the applicant was worded as follows: ‘Frequent consumption of sugars contributes to tooth demineralisation. Consumption of food/drinks containing Nutriose® instead of sugar may help maintain tooth mineralisation by decreasing tooth demineralisation’. The Authority concluded that a cause and effect relationship had been established between the consumption of foods or beverages containing fermentable carbohydrates at an exposure frequency of four or more times daily and increased tooth demineralisation, and that the consumption of foods or beverages containing non-fermentable carbohydrates instead of fermentable carbohydrates may maintain tooth mineralisation by decreasing tooth demineralisation, provided that such foods or beverages do not lead to dental erosion. Accordingly, a health claim reflecting this conclusion should be considered as complying with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 and should be included in the Union list of permitted claims, established by Regulation (EU) No 432/2012.

Following an application from Beneo-Orafti SA, Sensus BV and Cosucra-Groupe Warcoing SA, the Authority was required to deliver an opinion on a health claim related to fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) from inulin and a reduction of postprandial glycaemic responses. The claim proposed by the applicant was worded, inter alia, as follows: ‘Consumption of foods/drinks containing oligofructose from chicory instead of sugars induces a lower blood glucose rise’.  The Authority concluded that on the basis of the data presented, a cause and effect relationship has been established between the consumption of foods or beverages containing non-digestible carbohydrates instead of sugars and a reduction of postprandial glycaemic responses as compared to sugar-containing foods or beverages. Accordingly, a health claim reflecting that conclusion should be considered as complying with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 and should be included in the Union list of permitted claims, established by Regulation (EU) No 432/2012.

Following an application from Olygose, submitted pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006, the Authority was required to deliver an opinion on a health claim related to AlphaGOS® and a reduction of postprandial glycaemic responses.  The claim proposed by the applicant was worded as follows: ‘Consumption of foods or drinks containing AlphaGOS® instead of sugar induces a lower blood glucose rise after their consumption compared to sugar-containing foods or drinks’. The Authority also noted that a claim on non-digestible carbohydrates and reduction of postprandial glycaemic responses had already been assessed by the Authority with a favourable outcome (9) and concluded that a cause and effect relationship had been established between the consumption of foods or beverages containing non-digestible carbohydrates and a reduction of postprandial glycaemic responses as compared with sugar-containing foods or beverages. Accordingly, a health claim reflecting this conclusion should be considered as complying with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 and should be included in the Union list of permitted claims established by Regulation (EU) No 432/2012.

Following an application from Roquette Italia SpA, submitted pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006, the Authority was required to deliver an opinion on a health claim related to Nutriose®06 and a reduction of postprandial glycaemic responses.  The claim proposed by the applicant was worded as follows: ‘Consumption of foods/drinks containing Nutriose®06 instead of high-glycaemic carbohydrates induces a lower blood glucose rise after their consumption compared to high-glycaemic carbohydrate-containing foods/drinks’. The Authority concluded that a cause and effect relationship had been established between the consumption of foods or beverages containing non-digestible carbohydrates, and a reduction of postprandial glycaemic responses as compared with foods or beverages containing glycaemic carbohydrates. Accordingly, a health claim reflecting this conclusion should be considered as complying with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 and should be included in the Union list of permitted claims established by Regulation (EU) No 432/2012.

Refusing to authorise a health claim related to high-fibre sourdough rye bread and a reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses
Following an application from Oy Karl Fazer AB, the EFSA was required to deliver an opinion on a health claim related to high-fibre sourdough rye bread and a reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses.  The claim proposed by the applicant was worded as follows: ‘Consumption of high-fibre sourdough rye bread contributes to a reduction of glycaemic response accompanied with a decreased insulin response after a meal’. Upon request of the Authority, the applicant specified that as regards the claimed effect high-fibre sourdough rye bread should be compared with glucose.  The Authority noted a claim on high-fibre sourdough rye bread and post-prandial glycaemic responses would suggest that high-fibre sourdough rye bread has particular characteristics in relation to the reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses when compared with glucose, while in fact almost all foods have that effect. A claim suggesting that a particular food possesses certain beneficial properties when in fact almost all foods possess such properties would be misleading. In the light of the above, the claim on the consumption of high-fibre sourdough rye bread and the reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses does not comply with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 and should therefore not be included in the list of permitted health claims.

Croatia authorised to revise its BSE annual monitoring programme
On 22 January 2015, Croatia submitted an application to the Commission to revise its BSE annual monitoring programme. Based on the information included in the application submitted by Croatia to revise its BSE annual monitoring programme, on the information provided by the EFSA report, and on the information resulting from the Commission audits, the application submitted by Croatia has been favourably evaluated. It is therefore appropriate to authorise Croatia to revise its BSE annual monitoring programme under the same conditions as granted to the 25 Member States currently listed in the Annex to Decision 2009/719/EC.

Amendment regarding  Streptomyces K61, fenugreek or fenugreek seed powder, methyl decanoate (CAS 110-42-9), methyl octanoate (CAS 111-11-5) and terpenoid blend QRD 460
For Streptomyces K61 (formerly S. griseoviridis), Candida oleophila strain O, FEN 560 (also called fenugreek or fenugreek seed powder) and terpenoid blend QRD 460 no specific MRLs were set. As those substances were not included in Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the default value of 0,01 mg/kg laid down in Article 18 of that Regulation applies.  Methyl decanoate (CAS 110-42-9) and methyl octanoate (CAS 111-11-5) belong to the group of fatty acids C7-C20 which is included in Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

Amendment to application for register of protected designation of origin ‘Gorgonzola’ (PDO)
Italy have made amendments to its application for Gorgonzola to enter the register of protected designation of origin.  Amendments have been made to the product description, proof of origin, method of production, labelling and packing rules.  ‘Gorgonzola’ is a blue-veined cheese made exclusively from pasteurised whole cows’ milk, that has a homogeneous, white and pale yellow, raw paste, with characteristic blue-green and/or grey-blue veins due to the development of mould (marbling).

Application for register of protected geographical indications ‘Štajerski hmelj’ (PGI)
Slovenia have applied for ‘Štajerski hmelj’ to be placed on the register of protected geographical indications.  The hop plant is a herbaceous perennial climbing plant. It is dioecious, which means that a single specimen will have either male or female inflorescences only. Only the female inflorescences are of economic interest, since it is only on female plants that hop cones develop.  ‘Štajerski hmelj’ is distinguished by its fine hop aroma, with herbal, fruit or flower notes.

Application for register of protected geographical indications Khao Sangyod Muang Phatthalung (PGI)
Thailand have applied for Khao Sangyod Muang Phatthalung to enter the register of protected geographical indications.  Khao Sangyod Muang Phatthalung is grown from Sangyod Phatthalung variety and is the photoperiod-sensitive lowland rice. It is sown, grown, harvested, milled, packaged and labelled in, and indigenous to, the province of Phatthalung in the south of Thailand. Khao Sangyod Muang Phatthalung is non-glutinous, light, small, lean and gently fragrant. It can be paddy rice, brown rice and semi milled rice.

Application for register of protected designation of origin ‘Korčulansko maslinovo ulje’ (PDO)
Croatia have applied for protected designation of origin for ‘Korčulansko maslinovo ulje’.  ‘Korčulansko maslinovo ulje’ is an extra-virgin olive oil obtained directly from the fruit of the olive tree solely by mechanical means.

Application for register of protected geographical indication ‘Sicilia’ (PGI)
Italy have applied for ‘Sicilia’ to be place on the register of protected geographical indications.  ‘Sicilia’ extra virgin olive oil stand out from other oils in that is characterised by a unique fruity flavour and by organoleptic attributes of grass, tomato and artichoke although their expression varies in intensity depending on soil, climate, agronomic and technological factors.

Application for register of protected geographical indications ‘Culurgionis d’Ogliastra’ (PGI)
Italy have applied for ‘Culurgionis d’Ogliastra’ to be placed on the register of protected geographical indications.  Culurgionis d’Ogliastra is a fresh pasta product in the form of a leaf shaped bundle that is closed by hand to contain a filling made of a mixture of potatoes (fresh or dehydrated flakes), cheese, vegetable and/or animal fats, herbs and seasoning. The way the bundle is closed is reminiscent of a stylised ear of wheat.

Application for register of protected geographical indications ‘Pizzoccheri della Valtellina’ (PGI)
Italy have applied for ‘Pizzoccheri della Valtellina’ to be placed on the register of protected geographical indications.  ‘Pizzoccheri della Valtellina’ is a pasta made from a mixture of at least 20 % buckwheat flour mixed with other flours. ‘Pizzoccheri della Valtellina’ is a type of pasta that is produced and marketed as both dried and fresh pasta.

Application for register of designated origin ‘Paška janjetina’ (PDO)
Croatia have applied for ‘Paška janjetina’ to be placed on the register of protected designated origin. ‘Paška janjetina’ (Pag lamb meat) is a fresh meat obtained from the slaughter of young male and female suckling lambs born on the island of Pag of an autochthonous Croatian breed of sheep of the same name — ‘Paška ovca’ (Pag sheep) — bred solely on the island of Pag.

Scientific opinions

L-Lysine HCl produced by Escherichia coli for all animal species

GM oilseed rape MS8 × RF3 × GT73 and specific subcombinations

Re-evaluation of sucrose acetate isobutyrate (E 444) as a food additive

Polydextrose and normal defecation

Beetroot red (E 162): extension of use in FSMP for young children

Safety of changes in specification for basic methacrylate copolymer (E 1205)

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